Welcome to Gwalior Destination Guide!
Gwalior – a historical Indian city – is located on the periphery of Madhya Pradesh State, 321 Kms (199.5 Miles) from Delhi and 121 Kms (76 Miles) from Agra.
The new City consists of three large areas, called Lashkar, Morar and Gwalior. Lashkar dominates in business activity while Morar serves as the market for farmers and villagers of adjoining areas. Gwalior also is known as Old Gwalior and it has most of the tourist places.
Massive Gwalior Fort, popularly called Gibraltar of India overlooks the city. The great Mughal emperor presumably described as, “The pearl in the necklace of forts of Hind”.
In the east of the city are two magnificent examples of early Mughal architecture. One is the mausoleum of, 16th-century Sufi saint Ghous Mohammed, and another is the tomb of Mian Tansen, a great musician and one of ‘Nine Jewels’ of Emperor Akber’s court.
Close to the heart of the city is splendid Jai Vilas Palace, patterned on the style of the ‘Palais de Versailles’ in France combines Tuscan, Italian and Corinthian styles of architecture.
Exciting excursion trip can be made from Gwalior to Shivpuri, where Madhav National Wild Life Part is located. Rich in cultural heritage and architecture marvels, Gwalior has the added advantage of it’s proximity to Agra, the city of Taj Mahal, Khajuraho, the city of great temples and Delhi, the national capital.
Gwalior, little India within India, the perfect destination for your next tour.
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Brief History of Gwalior
Mr B.B Lal has discovered implements of Paleolithic age in Gwalior. Many cave paintings of the Middle Store age have also been found in the area. Pottery of Iron Age has been excavated in Gwalior and adjoining areas. The old name of Gwalior is Gopadri or Gopgiri. In the Mahabharat, Gopalkaksh has been mentioned as the place of victory for Bhima. Probably Gopalkaksh is same Gopgiri.
During the later period of 2nd Century, a new dynasty called Nagvans (vans means clan) took roots in Vidisha and Gwalior region. Vransnath was the founder of the Nagvans. A coin has been found of this ruler in Veshnagar excavations.
Bhimnag was the next ruler this clan who shifted its capital from Vidisha to Padmavati (modern Pawaya near Gwalior). Coins of descendants of Bhimnag, Skandnag, Vashunag, Vrashpatinag have been found in Pawaya. According to a pillar inscription found in Allahabad, Samudragupta had defeated the last ruler of Nagvans, Ganpatinag.
Pawaya is some 68 km from Gwalior. The life-size statue of Chaksha Manibhadra has been found here. The Parmars built the fort and the nearby Dhoomeshwar Mahadeo temple, which are the main attractions of Pawaya.
Beginning of legendary Gwalior fort found its roots in the 5th century during the rule of Kuchhwaha Rajput prince, Suraj sen.
It is believed that Gwalior had also been under the rule of Mihir Bhoj (836-882 AD). In the 10th Century, the second ruler of Kachapghat Rajvans, Vrajdaman had taken over Gwalior after defeating the king of Kannuaj. Mangalraj and Kirtiraj were the subsequent rulers of Gwalior.
In 1021 AD Mahmud of Gazni attacked Gwalior. One of the lieutenants of Malik Bahauddin Tughluq won Gwalior fort after a lot of hard work.
In 195-96 AD Mohammed Ghauri attacked Gwalior and its ruler Sallachan accepted the supreme command of Mohammed Ghauri so Ghauri allowed him to be the ruler of Gwalior. Later on, Qutubuddin Aibak appointed Iltutmish as its Kiledar (in charge of Fort).
Iltutmish was the most famous ruler of the Slave Dynasty who, after winning