Sahastrabahu Temple of Gwalior (SaasBahu mandir or Sahastrabahu Mandir of Gwalior)
There are two most important Temples in Gwalior fort –(Saasbahu) Sahastrabahu Temple and Teli ka mandir. SAHASTRABAHU- the Sahastrabahu Mandir or also called SAS-BAHU temple:
Sahashtrabahu Temple of Gwalior – Unique temple in the heart of MADHYA PRADESH
SAS-BAHU temple or SAHASTRABAHU mandir or twin temple of Gwalior is one of the greatest architectural marvels situated at the east of the Gwalior fort. This twin temple was built in 1092 by King Mahipala of the Kachchhapa ghata dynasty, according to an inscription found in the large twin temple at Gwalior Fort.. The entire temple is covered with beautiful carvings which have 4 Idols of BRAHMA, VISHNU, and SARASWATI above the entrance of the door.
Do you know the HISTORY behind this SAS-BAHU TEMPLE or Sahastrabahu Mandir:-
This temple was named Sahastra Bahu depicting Lord Vishnu with a thousand hands. Lord Vishnu was worshipped by the wife of Kachchhapaghata’s king. But then his son’s wife came she was a devotee of Lord Shiva. Thus, another temple of Lord Shiva was built near Lord Vishnu Temple where Lord Shiva was worshipped by the wife of king’s son. And then these two temple named SAS- BAHU Temple ( means mother-in-law and daughter-in-law temple). Sas-Bahu Temple is an obscure name of SahastraBahu Temple.
The tower and the temple are in ruins, but the building and the carved ruins can still be appreciated from the ruins. The temple has three floors, one of which is one of its distinguishing features and jewellery.
The surviving objects of the temple are the entrance porch and the gates. although the prasada (tower, spire) no longer exists, a three-story plan with a cruciform base and balconies suggests that it had a North Indian Bhumija style design. The style is marked by a beautifully crafted structure, with its small silks arranged regularly tied like large beaded hats.
This temple mainly has three doors from three different sides. On the fourth side, there is a room currently closed. The entire temple is covered with carvings, especially 4 portraits of Brahma, Vishnu and Saraswati above the entrance. The column carvings depict paintings related to Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Shaktism. The decoration of the larger temple covers all the outer walls and all the interior remains.
The twin temple, as in other parts of India, is replaced by the Sasbahu temple. The name Sasbahu means “mother-in-law, bride” or “mother and daughter-in-law”, an organization that means they live together and trust each other. The temple of Sas is usually an old temple of twins. The Gwalior Sasbahu Temple follows this same style, but both temples are dedicated to Vishnu. As you can see here, only the temple of Sas survived in larger part, the Bahu temple is a first-floor shell structure with a magnificent door frame and its ruined wall pillars. The remains of the Bahu temple in Gwalior suggest that it may have been a small inscription on the Saas temple.
The Sas Temple has a square sanctuary connected to the two-story antarala and closed with a three-story three-door monument. The main entrance to the temple is made up of four carved pillars of the Ruchaka ghatapallava type. The walls and floors are intricately carved, though they are numerous. On the edge of the doors, the layers of Krishna-leela scenes are engraved on the inside, while the outer side recounts myths from other Hindu texts. Above the course is Garuda, the vahana of Vishnu.
The temple in Bahu has a square sanctuary with four central pillars. Its maha-mandapa is also square, with twelve pillars. The temple, like many temples in the history of Malwa and Rajputana, offers many entrances to the devotee. The roof has two circular squares that form an octagon tied by a series of circular circles. The pillars have octagon bases, and the girls have been carved but this has been badly done and amputated. The sanctum has a picture of the corrupt Vishnu, next to him stands Brahma holding the Vedas on one side and Shiva holding a trident on the other.
Apart from these temples there are two more temples to visit here at Gwalior Fort, one is Jain Mandir and another is Chaturbujh temple. There is one beautiful Gurudwara inside the fort which is also one of the major tourist attractions.